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科学文化发展机制研究

The Mechanism Research of Scientific and Cultural Development

作者: 专业:科学技术哲学 导师:高建明 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 武汉理工大学

Keywords

scientific culture, development, mechanism

        科学文化是当代人类社会的一种重要文化。随着科学技术的迅速进步,科学对人类社会的变化和发展起着越来越重要的作用,科学技术的广泛应用深刻地影响了人们的物质和精神世界,促进了社会的文明与进步。面对日趋激烈的世界综合国力的竞争,科学知识和科学文化发展水平对一个民族和一个国家的公众素质而言,也是极为重要的一个衡量方面。因此,研究科学文化发展机制,掌握科学文化发展规律,对于我们做好科学文化的发展和传播具有较大的理论和现实意义。科学文化发展的机制分为内部机制和外部机制。从内部机制来说,知识的逐步积累是科学文化发展的基础条件;各学科之间的交叉融合为科学的发展提供了关键途径;而科学方法的变更更是十分重要的内部机制之一。从外部机制来说,科学文化的发展受一系列社会因素的影响。社会需要是它最根本的动因;激励机制是科学发展的动力剂;传播机制是科学文化在社会广为传播必不可少的机制;保障机制为科学文化发展提供强大的后盾和支持。本文共分为五个部分。第一部分为引言部分,对课题问题的提出、国内外研究的现状、论文的研究目的以及研究意义进行了详细的说明,并进而提出了本课题的研究框架。第二部分是相关概念的界定,对相关概念进行详细的阐明和解释,有助于清晰而准确的理解文中重要概念的内涵和外延。第三部分为科学文化发展的内部机制,通过对科学文化发展的相关内部模式进行分析,归纳出科学文化发展若干内部机制。第四部分为科学文化发展的外部机制,是从外部环境出发,考察影响科学文化发展的重要因素,并总结外部机制的运行。第五部分为结论和思考,在前述分析研究的基础上针对当前我国科学文化发展的问题提出相关性的思考。
    The scientific culture under discussion in this article, is a modern culture which stems from the fusion of science and the humanities, investigates science as a cultural process from a human science point of view, and studies the role of science in social communication, cultural communication and public communication. With the economic development and societal improvement, science plays an increasingly important role in shaping the change and development of the nature and human societies. The advent and application of scientific theories and technology place profound influence on the material and spiritual worlds of mankind, and promote the social civilization and progress. With the increasingly fierce competition in the national overall strength, the status of scientific knowledge and culture is a very important measure of the public quality of a nation. Therefore, in order to better develop and communicate the scientific culture, it is of significant value to research and master the mechanism and rules of scientific culture development.The mechanism of scientific culture development falls into two categories:an internal mechanism and an external one. As to the internal mechanism, the gradual accumulation of knowledge is a basic condition for the development of scientific culture. Moreover, the cross-integration between various subjects provides a crucial approach to the development of science. In addition, the change of the scientific method is a very important part of the internal mechanism. Regarding the external mechanism, the development of scientific culture is influenced by a number of factors. Socia needs is its most fundamental motivation; promotion mechanism is a driving force of scientific development; communication mechanism is the approach of scientific development; protection mechanism offers strong support for the development of scientific culture.This article is divided into five parts. The first part is the introduction, including a detailed description of the topic, the status of domestic and international studies, the purpose and the significance of the research studies, and then a clear research framework of this project. The second part is regarding the definition of related concepts. The specific clarification and explanation of related concepts can help us to understand clearly and precisely the connotation and the extension of the important concepts The third part is on the internal mechanism of the development of scientific culture. An analysis of the relevant internal models of scientific cultural development can summarize the accumulation system within scientific cultural development. The fourth part discusses the external mechanism of scientific cultural development, Starting off with the external environment, we study the important factors that affect the development of scientific culture, and summarize the operations of the external mechanism. The fifth part serves as the conclusion drawing, through the induction of the previous discussions the rules of scientific culture development, and voicing related thoughts and concerns with respect to the current development of China’s scientific culture. This part presents a summary of the first four chapters.
        

科学文化发展机制研究

摘要4-5
Abstract5-6
第1章 导论9-13
    1.1 问题的提出9
    1.2 国内外研究现状9-12
        1.2.1 国外研究现状9-10
        1.2.2 国内研究现状10-12
    1.3 研究目的12
    1.4 研究意义12-13
第2章 相关概念的界定13-18
    2.1 科学文化13-15
    2.2 机制15
    2.3 科学、技术与科学文化15-16
    2.4 科学文化发展机制16-18
第3章 科学文化发展的内部机制18-26
    3.1 知识的逐步积累是科学文化发展的基础条件18-20
        3.1.1 渐变式的累积18-19
        3.1.2 科学革命——知识积累的质变19-20
    3.2 各学科之间的交叉融合是科学文化发展的关键途径20-22
    3.3 科学方法的变更是科学文化发展的重要内部机制22-24
    3.4 三种机制间的关系和地位24-26
第4章 科学文化发展的外部机制26-39
    4.1 需要机制——社会需要是推动科学文化发展的根本动因27-31
        4.1.1 人类自身发展的需要27-28
        4.1.2 技术上的需要28-29
        4.1.3 市场经济发展需要29-30
        4.1.4 政治需要30
        4.1.5 军事发展需要30-31
        4.1.6 其他影响科学发展的因素31
    4.2 激励机制——科学奖励是科学文化发展的重要动力31-33
    4.3 传播机制——传播是科学文化发展的必备途径33-35
    4.4 保障机制——充分的保障条件是科学文化发展的强大后盾35-39
        4.4.1 投入保障机制36
        4.4.2 人才保障机制36-37
        4.4.3 制度保障机制37
        4.4.4 管理和决策保障机制37-39
第5章 结论与思考39-43
参考文献43-45
致谢45
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