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大学生思想政治教育的审美化取向

College Students’ Ideological and Political Education’s Aesthetic Orientation

作者: 专业:思想政治教育 导师:杜超 年度:2011 学位:硕士  院校: 信阳师范学院

Keywords

college students, aesthetics, ideological-political education, aesthetics in ideological-political education

        注重“礼乐教化”、“以美育德”,美育与德育的结合和追求曾经是古代东西方共同的文化传统。在当代中国,思想政治教育作为一门学科是从20世纪80年代形成和发展起来的,学术界对思想政治教育审美化改造问题或者说是思想政治教育学与美学相互渗透问题的研究大致也从这个时期开始的。思想政治教育与美学的结合在某种意义上可以说是两者各取所需的“双赢”,思想政治教育审美化可谓是美学的形象性与思想政治教育的理论性的完美结合。从美学的角度来看:思想政治教育的内容、形式、要素、方法、手段以及实施过程应当符合美的特性和美的规律,给人以美感并因而被欣然接受。更何况,大学生群体自身强烈的“爱美之心”决定了他们对大学生思想政治教育有着强烈的“审美期待”。因此,思想政治工作者不仅要善于发现、充分挖掘大学生思想政治教育本身所蕴含的美学意蕴,而且更要遵循美的规律,按照美的原则对大学生思想政治教育诸要素及其动态过程进行审美化处理、提升,使其符合大学生的“审美期待”、进入大学生的“期待视野”,成为大学生的“审美对象”,从而提高大学生思想政治教育的可接受性和实效性。笔者认为,对大学生思想政治教育的审美化建构可以从思想政治教育过程的诸要素即主体、介体和环体等三个方面入手,首先要对高校思想政治工作者进行审美塑造提高其审美素质;其次要将大学生思想政治教育美的内容通过美的形式传达出来,实现内容美与形式美的统一;最后要着力美化对大学生思想政治教育影响最直接的环体因素即校园环境。
    Pay attention to "music education", "cultivating virtue", the combination and the pursuit of aesthetic education and moral education was once the common cultural tradition of ancient east and west. In contemporary China, the ideological and political education as a discipline took shape and developed from the 1980s. Around the same time, the academic community began to study the ideology and politics education esthetic transformation or the inter-infiltration between the ideology and politics pedagogy and the aesthetics.In some extent, the combination between the ideological and political education and the aesthetics is the "win-win" to be said to take what we need. Especially,there is a perfect combination between visualizing of the aesthetics and theoretical of the ideological and political education for the ideological and political education esthetic.From the viewpoints of aesthetic:the content, form, element, method and the implementation process of the ideological and political education should be accorded with the regular characteristic of beauty, which can give the people aesthetic sensation and make them gladly accepted. From the perspective of reception aesthetics, college students’ strong "love of beauty" decides they will have an intense "aesthetic expectations" toward college students’ ideological and political education. Therefore, the ideological and political workers should not only good at finding and fully exploiting the aesthetic connotations of college students’ ideological and political education,but also follow the principle of beauty. According to the principle of beauty to reform the part which is not meet the the aesthetic rule for college students’ ideological and political education in each element and whole process, making its esthetic accords with college students’ "aesthetic expect", entering college students’ "expected visions", being a college students"esthetic object", thus we can improve college students’ acceptability and effectiveness of ideological and political education. I think that the construction of aesthetics of college students’ ideological and political education can start from the elements namely subject, object, dielectric body and wreath and so on in the process of the ideological and political education. Firstly, shape ideological and political workers’ aesthetic and improve its aesthetic quality; Secondly, convey the content of ideological and political education by beautiful form content, realizing the unity of content beauty and formal beauty; Thirdly, we should focus on beautifing the campus environment which is the most direct factor for college students’ ideological and political education.
        

大学生思想政治教育的审美化取向

摘要5-6
Abstract6-7
第1章 引言10-15
    1.1 选题背景10
    1.2 国内外研究现状10-13
    1.3 理论意义和现实价值13
    1.4 研究思路和方法13-14
    1.5 课题的重点、难点及创新点14-15
第2章 思想政治教育审美化的历史考察15-22
    2.1 美、审美、思想政治教育审美化15-18
        2.1.1 美15-16
        2.1.2 审美16-17
        2.1.3 思想政治教育审美化取向及其意义17-18
    2.2 思想政治教育审美化的思想资源和理论基础18-22
        2.2.1 中国古代"礼乐教化"思想的传承18-19
        2.2.2 西方"乐教"思想的影响19-20
        2.2.3 马克思"人的全面发展理论"内含思想政治教育的审美要求20-22
第3章 大学生思想政治教育审美化的价值追寻22-26
    3.1 大学生思想政治教育审美化的个体价值22-24
        3.1.1 审美化的思想政治教育符合大学生的审美要求22-24
        3.1.2 审美化的思想政治教育有助于塑造大学生的和谐人格24
    3.2 大学生思想政治教育审美化的社会价值24-26
        3.2.1 有助于创建和谐的大学校园25
        3.2.2 有利于促进社会和谐25-26
第4章 大学生思想政治教育的审美化建构26-38
    4.1 反思:当下大学生思想政治教育的审美缺失26-27
        4.1.1 表现在思想政治教育内容上26
        4.1.2 表现在思想政治教育方法上26-27
        4.1.3 表现在思想政治教育课教学过程中27
        4.1.4 表现在思想政治教育环境中27
    4.2 高校思想政治教育工作者审美素养的培养27-30
        4.2.1 高校思想政治教育工作者的审美素养28-29
        4.2.2 高校思想政治教育工作者的审美塑造29-30
    4.3 大学生思想政治教育内容美和形式美的统一30-34
        4.3.1 大学生思想政治教育内容的审美意蕴30-31
        4.3.2 大学生思想政治教育形式的审美化改进31-34
    4.4 大学生校园环境的审美化34-38
        4.4.1 校园环境在大学生思想政治教育中的作用34-35
        4.4.2 校园环境的审美化建构35-38
第5章 结论38-39
致谢39-40
参考文献40-42
攻读学位期间获得与学位论文相关的科研成果目录42
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