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我国柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展法律问题研究

The Study of Legal Problems of Geography Indication Protection and Development in the Citrus Industrialization of Our Country

作者: 专业:经济法学 导师:李长健 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 华中农业大学

Keywords

citrus industrialization, geography indication, benefit mechanism, community participation, protection and development, rights Balance

        地理标志是一项重要的农业知识产权,作为农业知识产权的一个重要组成部分,柑橘地理标志在农业经济发展中扮演着越来越重要的角色。我国作为传统柑橘种植大国和柑橘文化发源地,在柑橘地理标志方面有着异常丰富的资源和得天独厚的优势。正如其他农产品地理标志一样,柑橘地理标志也来源于柑橘产地特定的自然条件和人文环境,也彰显着来源地地理环境造就的沉淀于该特定商品上的品质和风格,柑橘地理标志也具有稀缺性和巨大的价值。因此,保护与发展柑橘地理标志就显得尤为重要(当然,保护与发展柑橘地理标志与有效开展对柑橘地理标志的创造、运用和管理是紧密联系、融为一体的)。随着我国农业向现代化的转型,产业化成为一种趋势,并成为农业经济发展的一个重要阶段。在这个背景下,将柑橘地理标志保护与发展研究放入到产业发展中,以柑橘地理标志的保护与发展为最终目的,立足于利益与利益机制这个起点,突出社区发展与社区分享和权益衡平,可以说是一种突破、开拓和创新。毫无疑问,这种研究视角和切入点的转换,在摆脱传统研究方法的同时,也给笔者的研究带来了极大的困难和挑战。然而从另外一重意义上来说,笔者愿意以先行者的身份,作一个有效的尝试。第一,从柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的基础理论入手来进行研究。在柑橘产业化发展大背景下,有必要弄清楚柑橘产业化动态发展过程中柑橘产业化与地理标志保护、发展的关系,地理标志保护与发展之间的关系;柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的背景,地理标志的概念、本质及与相关概念的比较;以及柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的社区与社区分享理论、利益与利益机制理论、权益衡平理论、农业产业经济理论。柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的原则、意义和作用也必须首先明确。第二,湖北省作为我国南方最重要的柑橘生产基地之一,拥有着悠久的柑橘种植历史和较成熟的柑橘产业发展状况。因此,本文的实证部分以湖北省为研究例证,通过实证调研和问卷访谈的方式,对湖北省柑橘产业发展状况及柑橘地理标志进行了考察,主要从柑橘产业化中对地理标志本身的认知程度、对地理标志保护与发展的参与程度、地理标志保护与发展的影响和作用、地理标志保护与发展的问题及原因、地理标志保护与发展的救济方式等几个方面进行调查分析。我国柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展存在的较为明显的问题是:柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展理念只注重保护不注重发展;柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的模式没有充分体现主体的培育和参与、社区分享、发挥利益机制的作用;柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的制度理念没能够完全体现不同权益之间的平衡和兼顾当前利益与长远利益,具体制度也存在缺陷;柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的对策不完善。第三,国外比较研究部分重点考察了重要国际条约和以法、英、德、日等国家为代表的国外柑橘产业化地理标志保护与发展的实践情况。通过对国内外柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展理论和实践情况的比较分析,找出我国与国外的差距,启示我们柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的理念应注重立足于保护并着重于发展;柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的模式应注重体现主体的培育和参与、社区分享、利益机制的作用的发挥;柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的制度应注重权益保护与衡平;柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的对策应注重体现产业化发展要求,包括柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展对策的产业化发展要求构筑柑橘地理标志产业发展链、要求重构产业生产组织模式、要求实现产业的转型与升级。第四,我国柑橘地理标志法律制度设计必须立足国情,实事求是,在充分认识我国现状的基础上,综合国外的经验与启示,做出合理选择。在明确保护与发展模式应符合我国国情的基础上,探索构建政府管理机构主导下的多元主体联动模式、产业发展中的利益机制实现模式和社区支撑下的社区分享模式,并从制度理念和柑橘地理标志注册登记和认证制度、柑橘地理标志标准化制度、柑橘地理标志惩罚和监督制度方面进行完善。第五,我国柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的对策必须从柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展规划的制定;柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展意识的提高;柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展要素的供给;柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展战略的支撑,包括品牌战略和国际战略;柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展环境的净化等方面进行。
    Geography indication is an important agricultural intellectual property rights, and as an important constitution of agricultural intellectual property rights the geography indication of citrus is play a more and more vital role in the agricultural economic development. China has been the traditional citrus planting country, so it has unconventional abundant resource and advantaged superiority in citrus’geography indication. However, no less than other geography indication of agricultural produce, the citrus’geography indication also roots in the specifically natural condition and cultural surroundings of citrus producing area, and shows the character and style of this special commodity which come from the deposition of geography environment, and also the citrus’geography indication possess the nature of scarcity and tremendous value, therefore, it is very important to protect and develop citrus’geography indication(of course, protecting, developing citrus’geography indication and creating exerting managing citrus’geography indication efficiency is an organic whole and tight affiliation).Along with the Chinese modern change of agriculture, industrialization has become a trend, and turn into a consequence phase of agricultural economic development. Based on this background, it can be a sort of breakthrough, deploitation and innovation to put the research of protecting and developing citrus’geography indication into industry development,and take the protecting and developing of citrus’geography indication as the final aim,and established in the jumping-off point of benefit and benefit mechanism. Beyond all doubt, this view of investigate and the transform of cut-in as the time of get rid of traditional research methodology, it also brings very big difficulties and challenges to writer’s study. But, from another sense, writer would like to take an effective attempt just as a forthgoer.Firstly, it is from the basic theory of protecting and developing geography indication in citrus industrialization to progress research.Under the whole background of citrus industrialization development, it is necessary to make clear of the relationship between citrus industrialization and the protecting and developing geography indication in the dynamic development process of citrus industrialization. It also must definite the background of protecting and developing geography indication in citrus industrialization, the concept and essence of geography indication and the compare of correlated notion, as well as the community and community participation theory, the benefit and benefit mechanism,the theory of benefits equity and the agricultural industry economy theory. Furthermore, the fundamental, meaning and function of protecting and developing geography indication in citrus industrialization is also must be definite at the beginning.Secondly, Hubei province by the way of one of most important citrus producing area in south China, has centuries-old planting history of citrus and more mature development status of citrus industry. Therefore, the demonstration part of this paper takes Hubei province as research exemplify, through the manner of investigation and questionnaire, and makes an review of developing status and citrus geography indication of citrus industry development of Hubei province. It mainly diagnoses some aspects of the recognize degree of geography indication itself, the participation degree of geography indication protecting and developing, the effects and functions of geography indication protecting and developing, the problems and reasons of geography indication protecting and developing, and the relief manners of geography indication protecting and developing in citrus industrialization. The obvious problems which exist in the protecting and developing geography indication in citrus industrialization of our country are only paying attention to the industry protection but overlooking development in the process of protecting and developing geography indication in citrus industrialization, lacking of embodiment community participation,collective sharing and exerting the function of benefits mechanism sufficiently in the process of protecting and developing geography indication in citrus industrialization, absence of the interest equity and considering the current benefits and long-term benefits in the system theory of geography indication protecting and developing in citrus industrialization, and the specific system is also exist limitations, and the countermeasure of geography indication protecting and developing in citrus industrialization is faultiness.Thirdly, the outer comparative research part stressed reviewed the concernment international treaties and the practice complexion of protecting and developing geography indication in citrus industrialization of represent countries like USA.,England, Japan, Germany and etc. It is through the comparative analyze of protecting, developing and practicing situations of geography indication in citrus industrialization of inner and outer countries; finding the difference between China and other countries;and then inspiring us that the orientation of protecting and developing citrus geography indication pattern must be established in protecting overweight developing;must give prominence to cultivate and participate the main parties, community sharing, and exert the functions of benefits mechanism; must pay attention to the beneficial protecting and equity in the system of geography indication protection and development in citrus industrialization; and the countermeasure of geography indication protection and development must consider the developing demands of industrialization; which concludes constructing the industry developing chain, recomposing the structure pattern of industry production, realizing the industry transform and upgrade in geography indication protection and development.Fourthly, the law system design of citrus geography indication in our country must base on country situation, seek truth from facts, on the base of realizing our country’s actuality sufficiently, and colligate the experiences and inspirations of other countries, then make a reasonable choice.On the base of definition the pattern of protection and development suit for our country, it need to explore seeking to establish the linkage pattern of multielement parties which dominated by government agency; and the pattern of benefit mechanism realization in the industry development; and the pattern of community participation which supported by community. Besides, it is must consummated from the system of register and authentication of citrus geography indication before the industrialization, and the system of standardization of citrus geography indication during the industrialization; and the punishment and supervision system of citrus geography indication after the industrialization.Fifthly, the countermeasure of geography indication protection and development in citrus industrialization must process in these aspects, establishing the programming of geography indication protection and development in citrus industrialization, boosting the recognition of geography indication protection and development in citrus industrialization, providing the elements of geography indication protection and development in citrus industrialization, supporting the strategy of geography indication protection and development in citrus industrialization, which including brand strategy and international strategy, and decontaminating the environment of geography indication protection and development in citrus industrialization.
        

我国柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展法律问题研究

摘要8-10
ABSTRACT10-12
第一章 导论13-29
    1.1 研究缘起13-15
        1.1.1 问题的提出13-14
        1.1.2 研究目的和意义14-15
    1.2 国内外相关研究述评15-25
        1.2.1 国内外对于柑橘产业化的研究15-17
        1.2.2 国内外对于社区与社区发展、利益与利益机制的研究17-21
        1.2.3 国内外对于地理标志的研究与实践21-25
    1.3 研究设计与研究方法25-27
        1.3.1 研究设计25
        1.3.2 研究方法25-26
        1.3.3 研究内容26-27
    1.4 本研究的重难点与可能的创新点27-29
        1.4.1 重难点27
        1.4.2 创新之处27-29
第二章 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的理论基础29-46
    2.1 柑橘产业化与地理标志保护、发展的关系29-30
    2.2 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展之间的关系30-31
    2.3 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的背景31-32
    2.4 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的基本理论32-46
        2.4.1 地理标志的概念、本质及相关概念辨析32-37
        2.4.2 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的社区与社区分享理论37-39
        2.4.3 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的利益与利益机制理论39-40
        2.4.4 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的权益衡平理论40-41
        2.4.5 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的农业产业经济理论41-42
        2.4.6 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的原则42-43
        2.4.7 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的意义43-44
        2.4.8 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的作用44-46
第三章 我国柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展现状及问题分析46-61
    3.1 我国地理标志保护的现状概述46-49
        3.1.1 两种主要保护模式现状46-48
        3.1.2 两种主要保护模式评析48-49
    3.2 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展实证分析——以湖北省为例49-57
        3.2.1 柑橘产业化中对地理标志本身的认知程度49-51
        3.2.2 柑橘产业化中对地理标志保护与发展的参与程度51-53
        3.2.3 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的影响和作用53-55
        3.2.4 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的问题及原因55-56
        3.2.5 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的救济方式56-57
    3.3 我国柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展存在的问题57-61
        3.3.1 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的理念不足57-58
        3.3.2 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的模式不足58-59
        3.3.3 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的制度不完善59-60
        3.3.4 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的对策不完善60-61
第四章 国外地理标志保护与发展的分析与借鉴61-74
    4.1 有关国际条约对地理标志保护与发展的规定61-65
        4.1.1 《保护原产地名称及其国际注册里斯本协定》61-62
        4.1.2 《TRIPS协议》62-63
        4.1.3 《保护工业产权巴黎公约》63-64
        4.1.4 《制止商品来源的虚假或欺骗性标志马德里协定》64-65
    4.2 典型国家对地理标志保护与发展的规定65-69
        4.2.1 法国:专门法保护65-66
        4.2.2 英国:商标法保护66-67
        4.2.3 德国:混合保护67-68
        4.2.4 日本:反不正当竞争法保护68-69
    4.3 国外地理标志保护与发展对我国柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的启示69-74
        4.3.1 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的理念应注重立足于保护并着重于发展69
        4.3.2 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的模式应注重体现主体的培育和参与、社区分享、利益机制的作用69-71
        4.3.3 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的制度应注重权益保护与衡平71
        4.3.4 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的对策应注重体现产业化发展要求71-74
第五章 我国柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的模式构建及制度完善74-89
    5.1 我国柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的模式定位74-75
    5.2 我国柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的模式构建75-84
        5.2.1 构建政府管理机构主导下的多元主体联动模式75-79
        5.2.2 构建产业发展中的利益机制实现模式79-82
        5.2.3 构建社区支撑下的社区分享模式82-84
    5.3 我国柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的具体制度完善84-89
        5.3.1 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的制度理念85-86
        5.3.2 规范柑橘地理标志注册登记和认证制度86
        5.3.3 实施柑橘地理标志标准化制度86-87
        5.3.4 强化柑橘地理标志惩罚和监督制度87-89
第六章 我国柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的对策建议89-94
    6.1 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展规划的制定89
    6.2 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展意识的提高89-90
    6.3 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展要素的供给90-91
    6.4 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展战略的支撑91-93
        6.4.1 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的品牌战略91-92
        6.4.2 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展的国际战略92-93
    6.5 柑橘产业化中地理标志保护与发展环境的净化93-94
第七章 结论及展望94-98
    7.1 研究结论94-97
    7.2 研究展望97-98
参考文献98-104
附录1 调查问卷样卷104-108
附录2 研究生期间的学术成果与活动108-109
附录3 研究生期间参与课题研究情况109
附录4 研究生期间的社会工作及奖励109-110
致谢110
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