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建国以来中国共产党生态文明思想探析

Development of the Party’s Basic Measures of Ecological Civilization Construction

作者: 专业:中共党史 导师:史艺军 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 辽宁师范大学

Keywords

Communist Party of China, ecological civilization, harmony

        现今,生态文明的发展状况已成为衡量一个国家整体发展水平的重要指标。社会主义的物质文明、政治文明、精神文明离不开生态文明,没有良好的生态条件,人不可能有高度的物质享受和精神享受。生态文明建设主张人与自然和谐发展,这也是实现人类社会全面、协调、可持续发展的前提条件,最终促使人类自身得到进步和完善。作为发展中国家的大国,自建国以来,从毛泽东的战天斗地的生态思想,到胡锦涛在党的十七大报告上提出“建设生态文明”的全面建设小康社会的新要求,我国几代领导人对于和谐的生态思想的认识是一个曲折过程,他们在马克思主义的生态思想指导下、在中国传统生态观念的影响下、在科学发展观理论的社会实践过程中认识到了生态文明建设对我国社会全面和谐的发展具有重要的现实意义。本文系统地整合了中、西、马克思主义哲学中关于生态文明的思想和理论观点。从建国后中国共产党的发展进程出发,对几代领导人生态思想演进加以梳理和分析。同时,本文还对生态文明的内容的理解,以及对未来中国生态文明建设的路径选择做了详细论述。具体来讲,本文由四部分构成,第一部分,介绍了生态文明的内涵,并从西方发达国家关于生态文明建设的代表思想、马克思主义有关生态文明的基本思想和中国传统哲学中关于生态思想的理论观点出发来探寻生态文明的理论渊源;第二部分,阐述了中国共产党对生态文明思想的探索历程。其中,以建国以来四代领导人的生态思想的逐步发展为依托,对中国共产党关于生态文明的认识从不重视到高度重视进行了深入分析;第三部分,从生态文明与其他文明之间的关系、人和社会、自然之间的关系以及同共产党执政能力之间的关系出发对中国共产党对生态文明建设的基本内容做了理性分析;第四部分,对中国共产党关于生态文明建设的路径选择做出了一点思考,分析了目前中国生态环境所面临的困境,以及在新时期党对生态文明建设所应采取的基本对策。
    Today, development of ecological civilization has become the measure of a country’s overall development level of the key indicators. Of the socialist material civilization, political civilization and spiritual civilization is inseparable from civilization, there is no good ecological conditions, people can not have a high degree of material comfort and spiritual enjoyment. Ecological Civilization advocate the harmonious development between man and nature, human society is also to achieve comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development, a prerequisite for, leading to progress and perfect human beings are. As a large developing country, since coming to power, Mao’s heaven and earth from ecological thinking to the Report of President Hu Jintao put forward in the 17“build an ecological civilization”and off society’s new demands, several generations of leaders for a harmonious Ecological thinking knowledge is a tortuous process, their Marxist ecological thought, the Chinese traditional ecological concepts under the influence of the scientific outlook of development of social practice, recognized the ecological civilization of our society overall harmonious development has important practical significance.This systematic integration of Chinese and western and Marxism on the idea of ecological civilization, and theoretical perspectives. After the founding of the Communist Party of China from the development process of starting, on the evolution of several generations of leaders to be sort of ecological thinking and analysis. At the same time, the effect of the content of the understanding of ecological civilization, and the future of Chinese civilization is the Path to a detailed discussion.Specifically, this paper consists of four parts, the first part, described the meaning of ecological civilization, and from Western countries on behalf of the construction of ecological civilization, Marxism basic idea of the ecological civilization and the Chinese traditional philosophy of ecological thinking on theoretical point of view to explore the theoretical origins of ecological civilization; the second part, expounded on the ideas of ecological civilization, the exploration process. Among them, four generations since the founding leaders of the progressive development of ecological thinking relies on China for the understanding of ecological civilization from neglect to attach great importance to in-depth analysis; third part of the ecological civilization and other civilizations from the relationship between the people and social relations between the Communist Party and with the relation between the ability of the Chinese Communist Party on the basic elements of ecological civilization construction made rational analysis; fourth part is the construction of the Chinese Communist Party on the path of ecological civilization choice made Thinking, analysis of the current ecological environment in China faces difficulties, as well as the Party of ecological civilization construction of basic measures to be taken.
        

建国以来中国共产党生态文明思想探析

摘要3-4
Abstract4-5
引言7-11
一、生态文明的内涵及其理论渊源11-16
    (一) 生态文明的内涵11-12
    (二) 西方发达国家有关生态有关生态文明建设的代表思想12-14
    (三) 马克思主义有关生态文明的基本思想14-15
    (四) 中国传统文化中的几种生态观念15-16
二、中国共产党对生态文明的探索历程16-23
    (一) 新中国成立后毛泽东对生态问题的基本认识16-18
    (二) 邓小平的生态思想及其实践18-19
    (三) 以江泽民为核心的第三代领导集体的生态思想及其实践19-21
    (四) 以胡锦涛为核心的新时期党中央对生态文明建设的探索21-23
三、中国共产党关于生态文明建设的基本内容23-27
    (一) 生态文明与其他文明的关系23-24
    (二) 人、自然、社会三者之间的关系24-26
    (三) 生态文明与中国共产党执政能力的关系26-27
四、中国共产党对生态文明建设的路径选择27-42
    (一) 我国生态环境面临的困境27-29
    (二) 新时期党对生态文明建设的基本对策29-42
        1、理论层面:坚持科学发展观29-33
        2、实践层面:构建生态文明保障体系33-42
结论42-43
注释43-45
参考文献45-47
致谢47-48
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