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广西新农村生态文明建设研究

作者: 专业:马克思主义基本原理 导师:黄锡富 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 广西师范学院

Keywords

Guangxi, new countryside, Ecology civilization

        城镇化、工业化的高速发展对我国农村发展产生了深刻的影响,给农民生活带来巨大影响的同时,也出现了农村生态环境问题,阻碍了农业生产发展和农村经济发展的进程。在这种情况下,如何改善农村生产环境、推动农业经济发展,提高农民收入,实现社会主义新农村建设的要求,成为必须面对的时代问题。党的十七大报告明确指出要建设生态文明,“基本形成节约能源资源和保护生态环境的产业结构、增长方式、消费模式”,并提出到2020年要把我国建设成为一个生态环境良好的国家。农村是我国经济社会发展的基础,推进新农村生态文明建设顺应了社会主义新农村建设的发展趋势,是构建社会主义和谐新农村的基础保障,也是我国全面建设小康社会的迫切要求。本文首先通过对生态文明和新农村建设理论的分析,明确生态文明在社会主义新农村建设中具有重要意义。然后以分析和研究广西新农村建设以来农村生态文明建设取得的成绩和存在问题为切入点,深刻探究广西新农村生态文明建设问题产生的本质因素。在此基础上,作者就如何解决问题提出了转变政府观念、促进生态农业发展、提高农民生态文明意识、建立农村环保科技支撑等对策研究。“建设社会主义新农村是我国现代化进程中的重大历史任务”,是一项复杂而艰苦的系统工程,广西壮族自治区社会主义新农村建设必须因地制宜,结合广西地区特点,针对当前广西农村生态环境现状,全面推动广西新农村生态文明建设,这不仅能够解决广西新农村建设中的主要问题,而且也是全面建设小康社会过程中的实践探索。
    Follows the urbanization development step to speed up, the industrialization high speed development developed to our country economic society has had the profound influence, while gave the farmer to live brings the enormous influence, also caused the countryside ecological environment to worsen, has hindered the agricultural production development and the rural economic development. In this case, how to improve the countryside production environment, the impetus agricultural economy development, enhances the farmers’ income, realizes the socialism new rural reconstruction request, becomes time question which must face.Party’s 17 reports pointed out explicitly must construct the ecology civilization,“forms basically saves the energy resources and the protection ecological environment industrial structure, the growth way, the expense pattern”, and proposed that must construct into to 2020 our country an ecological environment good country. The countryside is the foundation which our country economic society develops, therefore, advanced the new countryside ecology civilization construction to comply with the socialism new rural reconstruction trend of development, was constructs the socialism harmonious new countryside the foundation safeguard, was also our country comprehensive construction affluent society’s urgent need.This article take the Guangxi ecology civilized environment unoptimistic development present situation as a breakthrough point, through to ecology civilized and new rural reconstruction theory thorough analysis, the explicit ecology civilization has the important meaning in the socialism new rural reconstruction. Since through analyzes and studies the result which and the existence question the Guangxi new rural reconstruction the countryside ecology civilization construction has obtained, inquired into the Guangxi new countryside ecology civilization construction question produces essential factor. Based on this, how did this article solve proposed the transformation government idea, the promotion ecological agriculture development, raised the farmer ecology civilization consciousness, to establish measures and so on countryside environmental protection science and technology support have carried on the countermeasure research.“the build socialism new countryside is in our country modernization process significant historic task”, is one item complex and the difficult systems engineering, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region socialism new rural reconstruction must act as circumstances permit, to unify the Guangxi multi-national area characteristic, in view of the current Guangxi countryside ecological environment present situation, promotes the Guangxi new countryside ecology civilization construction comprehensively, not only this can solve in the new rural reconstruction subject matter, is in the comprehensive construction affluent society process practice exploration.
        

广西新农村生态文明建设研究

摘要4-5
Abstract5
导言8-14
    一、研究的目的和意义8-9
    二、相关文献述评9-13
    三、研究中的理论基础、研究方法13
    四、创新之处13-14
第一章 生态文明与新农村建设关系探究14-29
    第一节 生态文明理论14-23
        一、生态文明的涵义及特征14-17
        二、马克思主义关于生态文明的相关论述17-20
        三、当代中国对生态文明理论的发展20-23
    第二节 新农村建设的相关理论23-26
        一、新农村建设的概述23-25
        二、新农村生态文明建设的概述25-26
    第三节 生态文明建设在新农村建设中的意义26-29
        一、新农村生态文明建设确保农民日常生活安全27
        二、新农村生态文明建设促进农村社会和谐稳定27-28
        三、新农村生态文明建设实现农业可持续发展28-29
第二章 广西新农村生态文明建设现状分析29-43
    第一节 广西新农村生态文明建设状况29-34
        一、广西新农村生态文明建设概况29-31
        二、广西生态示范区的建设分析31-34
    第二节 广西新农村生态文明建设中面临的困境34-38
        一、农村环境污染严重34-36
        二、农村资源缺乏合理利用36-37
        三、农民素质整体偏低37-38
        四、政府对农村环境监管不到位38
    第三节 广西新农村生态文明发展问题原因分析38-43
        一、社会文化因素39-40
        二、政治因素分析40-41
        三、经济因素分析41-43
第三章 广西新农村生态文明建设对策研究43-52
    第一节 以科学发展观为指导,政府转变观念加强投入43-46
        一、转变传统政绩观43-44
        二、加大农村生态环境保护投入力度44-45
        三、完善农村生态环境保护法规及政策45-46
    第二节 针对不同污染源,科学规划多措并举46-49
        一、农业方面,大力发展生态农业建设47
        二、生活生产方面,严把内外源污染口47-48
        三、工业方面,严格管理工业企业发展48-49
    第三节 以科技发展为抓手,推动农村生态文明建设49-50
        一、注重科技创新,推动农村环境保护49
        二、重视本地人才引进,提高科技兴桂能力49-50
    第四节 树立农村生态文明意识,提高农民的生态文明素质50-52
        一、加强全民环境教育,培育新农村生态文明的理念50-51
        二、推广农村生态示范区成果,营造新农村生态文明的氛围51
        三、抓好农业技术培训,推动新农村生态文明的建设51-52
结语52-53
参考文献53-57
附录57-58
后记58
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