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左拉自然主义文学观及其现代启示

Zola’s Literary Viewpoint of Naturalism and It’s Modern Enlightenment

作者: 专业:比较文学与世界文学 导师:青山 年度:2011 学位:硕士  院校: 内蒙古师范大学

Keywords

Zola, Naturalisim, sense of truth, Rowgon—Macquar, non-individuality

        长期以来,左拉的自然主义理论一直受到人们的批评。他们认为“照相式的实录生活印象”“琐碎的生活真实”替换了典型化,以人的生理性代替了人的社会性,并且认为左拉忽视了“道德”原则。这篇论文通过与他的三个时期的创作,尤其是与《卢贡—马卡尔家族》相结合,详细的分析了左拉自然主义理论原则和真实感,体验的叙述模式。论文的第一章里主要论述了左拉的自然主义理论的“真实”的内容,并从“真实感”,“体验”的体现出发系统的探究了其理论形成。在第二章中以研究《卢贡——马卡尔家族》为总体思路来论述左拉的“非个人化”叙述思想及这一思想的历史作用。
    The theory of Zola’s naturalism has been criticized by some people for quite along time. They regard that "recorded impression in life like taking photos", "trivial living truth" take place of typification. Sociality of human is replaced by their physical quality. They also believe that Zola neglects the moral principle. This thesis based on the theoretical principle of Zola’s naturalism follows the·narrative model of "sense of truth", "experience" and combines his works such as "Rowgon—Macquart in particular in his three writing periods to elaborate. The first chapter mainly discusses the true content of Zola’s naturalism and explores the formation of this theory systematically from "sense of truth" and "experiencing". In chapter two, the author mainly states the thought of Zola’s "non-individuality" and its historical function through research on Rougon—Macquart.
        

左拉自然主义文学观及其现代启示

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