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《心灵鸡汤》里的语言性别差异研究

A Study of Gender Differences in Bowl of Chicken Soup Afr the Soul

作者: 专业:英语语言文学 导师:曹军 年度:2012 学位:硕士  院校: 山东师范大学

Keywords

gender differences, text analysis, Bowl of Chicken Soup for the Soul

        语言是记录社会生活的活化石,是反映社会风貌的广角镜,是研究社会行为的百科全书。整个社会是由男性和女性组成的,他们参与了社会生活。男女如何使用各自不同的语言进行交际,无疑是人类共同的话题。自20世纪60年代起,世界各地的语言学家致力于研究语言性别差异。20世纪70年代,著名语言学家Robin Lakoff在她的著作中提出了“女性语言”和“女性地位”,从此以后语言和性别作为社会语言学一个分枝的地位越来越重要。本论文在前人研究基础上,从书面语入手,研究男性作家和女性作家在写作风格上的差异,并指出产生这种差异的社会原因。论文所选研究文本来源为《心灵鸡汤》(第六辑),这本作为有着全球3800万读者的经典读物,其文章具有代表性。本论文采取定性和定量相结合的研究方法。定性研究主要表现在选取《心灵鸡汤》(第六辑)的34篇文章,17篇来自男性作家,17篇来自女性作家。从词汇,句法,语义层面以及音系学和笔迹学的角度分析了男女作家在写作方面的差别。定量研究主要体现在句法层面分析上的数据统计。研究表明,英语书面语中的确存在性别差异,如女性作家善于使用复杂句,夸张表达,分类细致的表示颜色的词语等,而男性作家通常使用简单句和短句,咒骂词也常见于男性作家的作品中。在写作话题的选择上,女性作家倾向于家庭,夫妻,子女等表现家庭的题材,而男性作家的选题相对宽广些,会涉及友谊,运动,与他人交往等方面。对性别语言多角度的研究有助于各学科之间的融合,特别是书面语的研究还可以为文学作品的研究提供更广阔的语言学视野。性别语言的研究大有前景。随着人们对性别语言越来越重视,该研究必定会有重大突破,应用于越来越广泛的领域。
    Language can be described as the living fossil that recording social life, themirror that reflecting society and the encyclopedia that studying social activities. Maleand female are the participants of social life and the society, therefore how male andfemale use different kind of languages to communicate in the society is undoubtedlythe common topic of the world. Gender differences in language have been studies bymany scholars all over the world since 1960s. Since Robin Lakoff raised the issues“women’s language”and“women’s status”in her book in 1970s, language and genderhas become a more and more important branch in sociolinguistics. Based on theresearch of previous studies, this thesis will study gender differences of male andfemale from the aspect of written language and analyze the reasons that cause thesedifferences. The corpus is limited to Bowl of Chicken Soup for the Soul (the 6thepisode) which is a classic reading material that has been read by more than 38million people all over the world.The approach of the study is the combination of qualitative and quantitativeresearch. Qualitative research means the corpus of this thesis is 34 passages chosenfrom Bowl of Chicken Soup for the Soul (the 6th episode), with 17 by male writers and17 by female writers and then gender differences in writing will be analyzed from theaspects of lexical categories, syntactic categories, semantic categories as well as thephonology and graphology categories. Quantitative research means the data analysisin syntactic categories. According to the investigation, gender differences do exist inwritten discourses, such as female writers prefer to use complex sentences,exaggerations and color words, while male writers tend to write simple and shortsentences and sometimes curse words will appear in their writing. As to the topics,Female writers’favorite topics are in the fields of family, children, cooking, the loveof couples as well as others that relate to private lives. However, male writers show a greater tendency in the fields of social life, sports and the association with others.This research of gender differences helps to stimulate the combination anddevelopment of different disciplines and provides a broader vision for linguistic studyof literary works. It has great possibility of flourishing. The author firmly believes thatwhile people are attaching more and more importance to gender language, there willsurely be a great breakthrough in the research and on the other hand this research willplay a role in more and more fields.
        

《心灵鸡汤》里的语言性别差异研究

Abstract6-7
摘要8-9
Introduction9-12
Chapter One Literature Review12-20
    1.1 Studies on Gender Differences Aboard12-16
    1.2 Studies on Gender Differences in China16-20
Chapter Two Theoretical Framework20-31
    2.1 Gender and Sex20-21
    2.2 Language and Gender21-23
        2.2.1 Language and Sociolinguistics21-22
        2.2.2 The Relationship between Language and Gender Differences22-23
    2.3 Style and Stylistics23-27
        2.3.1 Definitions of Style24-25
        2.3.2 Definition of Stylistics25-27
    2.4 The Scope of Study27-31
Chapter Three Gender Differences in Bowl of Chicken Soup forthe Soul31-47
    3.1 Introduction of Bowl of Chicken Soup for the Soul31-32
    3.2 The Analysis from the Perspective of Lexical Categories32-36
        3.2.1 Color Words32-34
        3.2.2 Exaggerating and Exclamatory Words34-35
        3.2.3 Curse Words35
        3.2.4 Summary35-36
    3.3 The Analysis from the Perspective of Syntactical Categories36-40
        3.3.1 Sentence Types36-38
        3.3.2 Sentences Complexity38-39
        3.3.3 Summary39-40
    3.4 The Analysis from the Perspective of Semantic Categories40-41
    3.5 The Analysis from the Perspective of Phonology and Graphology Categories41-44
        3.5.1 Elision41-43
        3.5.2 Exclamation Marks43-44
    3.6 Conclusion44-47
Chapter Four Findings and Discussion47-52
    4.1 Power/Dominance Theories48-49
    4.2 Cultural Difference/Social-learning Theories49-52
Conclusion52-54
Bibliography54-58
Acknowledgements58-59
Appendix59-60
攻读硕士期间发表的论文60
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