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桂西北喀斯特区循环经济发展综合评价及实证研究

—— 以河池市为例
The Comprehensive Evaluation of Circular Economy Development in the Karst Region of Northwest Guangxi and the Empirical Study

作者: 专业:自然地理学 导师:周游游 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 广西师范学院

Keywords

the karst region of northwest Guangxi, circular economy, comprehensive evaluation, index system, fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method, Hechi City

        桂西北喀斯特区由于生态环境脆弱,加上近些年来人类不合理的开发,该区遇到了石漠化、生态多样性减少、环境污染等严峻问题,经济社会发展受到了极大的制约。要实现桂西北喀斯特区的经济、社会、环境的全面、协调、可持续发展,必须从根本上转变经济增长方式。大力发展循环经济,是桂西北喀斯特区实现经济社会环境可持续发展的必由之路。本文通过阐述循环经济理论,结合目前众多关于循环经济评价指标体系的研究,在综合分析桂西北喀斯特区生态环境及经济发展的基础上,遵循循环经济评价指标体系设计的指导思想和设计原则,设计了一个由3层结构、5个子系统、共计52个操作指标组成的桂西北喀斯特区初选综合评价指标体系。为使该指标体系适用、简洁,采纳了河池市2002-2006年的统计数据,利用主成分分析和独立性分析方法对初选指标进行筛选,从众多的指标中挑出比较具有代表性而且意义上又互不重复的31个操作指标,构成最终评价指标体系;然后采用主客观组合赋权法和模糊综合评价法构建评价模型,对河池市的循环经济发展状况进行了实证评价,得出了以下结论:(1)2002-2006年河池市的循环经济发展水平逐步提升,正在从未发展阶段向初级阶段过渡,但总体来说一直处于未发展阶段,其循环经济发展水平还很低。(2)循环经济的经济发展子系统方面,经济发展速度较快,经济增长效益明显,经济结构从总体来说是上升的,但升中有降,而且其经济水平还很低,粮食安全问题也在波动中加剧。(3)资源消耗子系统方面,工农业资源利用效率低下,经济发展还主要靠资源的高消耗来支撑,节能降耗的任务还很繁重,但资源的节约利用思想已在人民生活中产生影响并得到实践。(4)循环利用子系统方面,工业和农业的循环利用总体发展态势良好,但工业固废利用方面还大有潜力可挖。(5)污染减排子系统方面,在市政府及工业企业的不懈努力下,河池市的污染物排放状况得到了一定程度的缓解,但是,工业废气、二氧化硫、工业烟尘等因素还长期困扰着城市环境。(6)环境安全子系统方面,河池市的环境安全系数还很低,亟待提高环境安全水平。最后,针对河池市循环经济发展水平还很低的现状,本文从思想认识、经济发展、资源消耗、循环利用、污染减排、环境安全等方面提出了一些合理化建议,以便推动河池市循环经济的发展。
    Because of vulnerable eco-environment, with unreasonable development by human beings rencent years, the karst region of northwest Guangxi is facing extremely serious problems such as rocky desertification, reduction of ecological diversity and environmental pollution, etc., which greatly restricts its economic and social development. To realize economic, social, and environmental comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development in the karst region of northwest Guangxi, the economic growth mode must be fundamentally changed. To develop the circular economy vigorously is the only way to realize sustainable development of economy, society, and environment in the karst region of northwest Guangxi.This paper studied the theory of circular economy, and by taking into account of the research results about the evaluation index system of circular economy, on the base of comprehensive analysis of ecological environment and economic development in the karst region of northwest Guangxi, following the guidelines and design principles of the design of the evaluation index system of circular economy, this paper made out a preliminary comprehensive evaluation index system of the karst region of northwest Guangxi, which is constituted by 3 levels and 5 sub-systems and 52 operation indices. In order to make sure the system is of applicability and simplicity,we made an analysis of independence and principal components of the preliminary indices based on the statistics 2002-2006 of Hechi City,and finally picked out 31 operation indices to make up the evaluation index system of Hechi City. This paper also made out an evaluation-mode using the method of fuzzy synthesis evaluation and the method of combination giving-weight-value. After then,we evaluated the Hechi’s circular economy development by making use this mode and then conclusions were made. (1)From 2002 to 2006, the developing level of circular economy in Hechi City has been in the transition from undeveloped stage to primary stage,but on the whole it has remained on the undeveloped stage, so its developing level of circular economy was still very low. (2)As to the economic developing subsystem of circular economy, the speed of economy development was fast; the benefits of economic growth was obvious; the economic structure in general was rising, but the rise was mixed with fall, and its economic level is still very low, with its problem of food security deteriorated with fluctuation. (3)As to resource consumption subsystem, the use efficiency of industrial and agricultural resources was low. The economic development still mainly relied on high consumption of resources for supporting. The task of energy saving was still heavy. However, the idea of economical use of resources had an impact on people’s lives and also got practice. (4)As to recycling subsystem, the development of industrial and agricultural recycling is totally in good shape. However, the utilization of industrial solid waste has also great potential. (5)As to pollution reduction subsystem, government and industrial enterprises in the city has made their tireless efforts to decrease the pollutants discharge in Hechi city to a certain degree of relief, but the factors of industrial waste gas, sulfur dioxide, industrial smoke have long plagued the urban environment. (6)As to environmental security subsystem, the Hechi City’s environmental safety factor is still very low. It urgently need to raise the level of environmental safety.Finally, taking into account the Hechi City’s status of low developing level of circular economy, this article made some reasonable suggestions from aspects of thinking and understanding, economic development, resource consumption, recycling, pollution reduction and environmental safety, in order to promote circular economy development in Hechi City.
        

桂西北喀斯特区循环经济发展综合评价及实证研究

摘要4-6
ABSTRACT6-7
第一章 绪论9-14
    1.1 选题的背景9-10
    1.2 研究的目的和意义10-11
    1.3 研究的内容与方法11-12
    1.4 研究的技术路线12
    1.5 研究的重点、难点与创新之处12-14
第二章 文献综述14-25
    2.1 循环经济研究综述14-22
    2.2 桂西北喀斯特区研究综述22-25
第三章 桂西北喀斯特区循环经济发展水平综合评价指标体系的设计25-35
    3.1 综合评价指标体系构建的指导思想25-26
    3.2 综合评价指标体系设计的基本原则26-27
    3.3 桂西北喀斯特区循环经济发展水平综合评价指标体系的构建27-35
第四章 桂西北喀斯特区循环经济发展水平综合评价模型的构建35-46
    4.1 桂西北喀斯特区循环经济发展水平综合评价方法的选用35
    4.2 评价指标权重的确定35-41
    4.3 评价指标数据的标准化处理41-42
    4.4 评语等级及隶属函数的确定42-43
    4.5 评价模型设计43-44
    4.6 评价结果分析44-46
第五章 桂西北喀斯特区循环经济发展评价实证研究46-78
    5.1 河池市循环经济发展概况46-48
    5.2 河池市循环经济发展综合评价48-75
    5.3 河池市发展循环经济的对策建议75-78
第六章 结论与展望78-80
    6.1 结论78-79
    6.2 展望79-80
参考文献80-86
附录1 实证分析样本指标相关数据86-90
    附录1-1 实证分析样本指标原始数据一览表86-88
    附录1-2 实证分析样本指标正规化处理数据一览表88-90
附录2 实证样本数据指标标准化结果(参考标准化)90-91
致谢91-92
攻读硕士学位期间发表的论文92
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