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养猪业循环经济生态产业链耦合机制研究

Study on Coupling Mechanism of Eco-Industrial Chains in Pig Industry Based on Circular Economy

作者: 专业:企业管理 导师:齐振宏 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 华中农业大学

Keywords

Pig industry, Circular economy, Eco-industry chain, Coupling

        养猪业发展与资源环境保护之间的矛盾日益突出,其技术原因在于养猪业与种植业的天然耦合被割裂,制度原因在于经济理性与生态理性相悖产生外部性,因而本文以循环经济(circular economy)理论为指导,以生态产业链(eco-industry chain,EIC)理论为工具,对如何实现种养结合、如何避免外部性进行探讨分析,结果显示建立养猪业生态产业链模式是解决养猪业发展与资源环境之间矛盾的有效途径。该模式建立的关键在于解决链上各主体间以及产业链与环境之间的耦合问题,通过对其耦合机理的探讨和实证分析,最后得出了耦合机制运行的基本规律。本文在结构上分为七个部分:第一部分主要包括本论文的研究背景、目的与意义,研究的对象与相关概念的界定,研究方法与技术路线以及本文的创新点。第二部分对国内外的循环经济研究进行了总结和归纳,并基于不同研究方法对国内外的生态产业链耦合理论进行了综述及评价。这部分既是研究的基础理论,也呈现了循环经济和生态产业链耦合的研究现状。第三部分研究了养猪业生态产业链的逻辑演进,通过对养猪业生态产业链概念及实际形式发展的轨迹描述和养猪业环境污染改善的经济分析,表明了建立养猪业生态产业链模式的必要性及可行性,最后总结出建立养猪业生态产业链模式出现的问题。第四部分研究养猪业生态产业链的耦合机理,主要结合养猪业生态产业链自身的特性及博弈论原理进行探讨。第五部分以武汉市规模型养猪业为例,基于logistic模型,对养猪业生态产业链耦合的不同主体的各个影响因素进行了实证分析。第六部分对实现养猪业生态产业链耦合的三大机制(资源循环利用机制、生态价值补偿机制、利益合理分配机制)分别进行了探讨。第七部分对本文的研究工作做了系统总结,主要包括本文的研究结论、研究不足以及研究展望等。通过研究表明,养猪业循环经济生态产业链模式能够有效解决养猪产业环境发展相协调的矛盾,具有可持续发展性及强大的生命力;而这种以养猪业为主体的生态产业链运行的最大问题在于其链上环节的耦合无法稳定,从而导致整个产业链的崩溃;养猪业生态产业链的耦合与本身所具备的特性、链上主体的行为倾向密切相关,而且政府需要制定相关约束机制使得养猪业生态产业链的耦合得以实现,这其中包括资源循环利用机制、生态价值补偿机制及利益合理分配机制,其中,资源循环利用机制是基础,生态价值补偿机制是重要调控手段,利益合理分配机制是关键,三者缺一不可。本文的创新体现在:第一,提出了养猪业循环经济生态产业链耦合机制的理论框架。目前,对养猪业循环经济的研究大多停留在提倡的阶段上,还没有专家学者对其进行界定和深入系统研究。故在研究内容上有一定的创新。第二,研究目标具体化、深入化。目前国内外对农业循环经济、工业生态产业链研究较多,但对农业生态链的研究偏少,结合具体的农业行业去研究的就更少。本文结合具体的养猪业来进行研究,并从微观视角研究了农户的行为,故在研究视角上有一定的创新。
    The contradiction between the pig-farming industry and resource-environment have become prominent, and for technical reason is that the nature coupling between pig farming industry and planting industry is divided, for institutional(system)reason is the external reason of that economic rationality and ecological rationality run counter. Therefore, the paper discusses how to achieve the combination of planting and breeding and how to avoid the external with the theory of circular economy as a guide and the theory of eco-industry chain as a tool. The occlusion is that pig farming eco-industry model is an effective solution to deal with the problem above. However, the key to establish pig farming eco-industry lies in resolving the coupling problems that between subjects in eco-industry chains and between chains and eco-environment. Through the discussion about its coupling principle and empirical analysis, the paper has relevant restriction mechanisms.Based on the system structure, the paper is divided into seven parts.The first part includes the study background, purpose, significance, the objects, and the definition of related concepts, research methods and technology roadmap, as well as innovation of this article. The second part includes a summary of the theory of circular economic at home and abroad; and to give review and evaluation to the domestic and foreign coupling analysis of eco-industrial chain at home and abroad. The part of the study is not only a theoretical basis, but also a research status of the theory. The third part is the study of logical evolution of eco-industry in pig farming. It is necessary and feasible to establish pig-farming eco-industrial chain by describing the developed path of its concept and actual form and economic analysis of improving environment. At last, sums up some problems about establishing pig-farming eco-industrial chain. The forth part include coupling principle of studying pig-farm eco-industrial chain. The part explores the coupling principle with the game theory, combining its own characteristics. The fifth part, taking scale pig-farming industry as an example, discusses the influence and effect of coupling of pig-farming eco-industrial chain by logistic model. PartⅥhas the three kinds of mechanisms that realize the coupling of the chain. They are resource recycling mechanism, the ecological value of the compensation mechanism, and the interests of a reasonable distribution mechanism. The seventh part has done a systematic summary, the main conclusion of the study of the research work of this article, including the conclusion, limitation of research and research prospects.The research found that:the model of eco-industrial chains in pig industry based on circular economy can effectively solve the contradiction between the development of swine industry and environmental development. It has the sustainability and vitality. And the biggest problem of this chain lies on coupling links can not be stable, leading to the collapse of the whole industrial chain. The coupling of eco-industrial chains in swine industry is closely related with its inherent characteristics and behavioral tendencies of the main chain orientation. And the government needs to formulate a binding mechanism to make that eco-industrial chains in swine industry can achieve the coupling. Among them, the resources recycling mechanism is the basis, the ecological value of the compensation mechanism is an important means of regulation, the profit of a rational allocation of the mechanism is the key, and these three parts are indispensable.This innovation is reflected that:firstly, the paper presents the theoretical framework about coupling mechanism of eco-industrial chains in pig industry based on circular economy. Currently, the research of pig industry circular economy has remained mostly in the stage of promotion, and experts and scholars haven’t defined and studied it thoroughly and systematically. Therefore, the study has some innovative content. Secondly, the research objectives are more specific and more in-depth. The current study focused more on the agricultural cycle economy and industrial ecological industry chain, less on the agro-ecological chain, especially no mention about combining with specific agricultural industries. The paper carries out specific research with swine industry, and studied the behavior of farmers from the micro-perspective. So the study has a certain innovation on the perspective.
        

养猪业循环经济生态产业链耦合机制研究

摘要8-10
Abstract10-11
1 导言12-22
    1.1 研究的背景、目的与意义12-15
        1.1.1 研究背景12-14
        1.1.2 研究目的14
        1.1.3 研究意义14-15
    1.2 研究对象与概念界定15-18
        1.2.1 研究对象15-16
        1.2.2 相关概念的界定16-18
    1.3 本文主要研究方法及技术路线18-20
        1.3.1 研究方法18-19
        1.3.2 技术路线19-20
    1.4 本文的创新之处20-22
2 养猪业循环经济生态产业链耦合的理论基础22-30
    2.1 国内外循环经济理论研究进展22-23
        2.1.1 循环经济的内涵22
        2.1.2 循环经济的运行机理22-23
    2.2 农业循环经济的发展23
    2.3 生态产业链耦合理论的国内外研究23-28
        2.3.1 基于生态学原理的研究方法25-26
        2.3.2 基于新制度经济学理论的研究方法26-27
        2.3.3 基于博弈论视角的研究方法27-28
        2.3.4 投入产出法的应用28
    2.4 生态产业链耦合理论研究评价28-29
        2.4.1 研究范畴28
        2.4.2 研究方法28-29
    2.5 本章小节29-30
3 养猪业生态产业链模式的逻辑演进:轨迹描述与构建30-40
    3.1 我国养猪业生态产业链发展的轨迹描述30-31
    3.2 养猪业对环境的污染损害分析31-36
        3.2.1 边际损害函数模型32-33
        3.2.2 养猪业污染对环境的边际损害33-36
    3.3 养猪业环境质量改善的效益分析36-37
    3.4 养猪业生态产业链的构建及存在的问题37-39
        3.4.1 养猪业生态产业链模式的构建37-38
        3.4.2 养猪业生态产业链耦合的问题38-39
    3.5 本章小节39-40
4 养猪业生态产业链的耦合机理40-48
    4.1 养猪业生态产业链的静态特性40-41
        4.1.1 结构特性40
        4.1.2 空间特性40-41
        4.1.3 跨组织特性41
    4.2 养猪业生态产业链的动态特性41-42
        4.2.1 时间特性41
        4.2.2 互动特性41
        4.2.3 延展特性41-42
    4.3 养猪业生态产业链的生态特性42-43
        4.3.1 生态位特性42
        4.3.2 食物链特性42
        4.3.3 关键种特性42-43
        4.3.4 共生特性43
    4.4 养猪业生态产业链耦合机理的博弈分析43-47
        4.4.1 上下游主体间的博弈模型44-45
        4.4.2 政府部门与企业之间的博弈模型45-46
        4.4.3 博弈结果的经济含义46-47
    4.5 本章小节47-48
5 养猪业生态产业链耦合影响因素的实证研究48-65
    5.1 研究的问题与研究假设48
        5.1.1 研究的问题48
        5.1.2 研究假设48
    5.2 实证数据来源与样本情况48-51
        5.2.1 实证数据来源48-49
        5.2.2 样本情况分析49-51
    5.3 统计分析51-58
        5.3.1 规模型猪场的经营情况51-53
        5.3.2 认知及处理现状53-55
        5.3.3 环境改善支付意愿55-58
    5.4 计量经济模型建立与变量解释58-59
        5.4.1 模型建立58
        5.4.2 变量解释58-59
    5.5 模型估计结果及分析说明59-62
        5.5.1 模型估计结果59-61
        5.5.2 结果分析61-62
    5.6 主要结论与政策含义62-64
        5.6.1 主要结论62-63
        5.6.2 政策含义63-64
    5.7 本章小结64-65
6 养猪业生态产业链的耦合机制65-73
    6.1 资源的循环利用机制65-68
        6.1.1 资源循环利用的概念65-66
        6.1.2 养猪业资源循环利用的层面66
        6.1.3 养猪业资源循环利用的特征66-67
        6.1.4 养猪业资源循环利用的实现途径67-68
    6.2 生态的价值补偿机制68-70
        6.2.1 生态价值补偿的概念68-69
        6.2.3 生态价值补偿的实现模式69-70
    6.3 利益的合理分配机制70-72
        6.3.1 利益合理分配机制的概念70
        6.3.2 利益合理分配机制的原则70-71
        6.3.3 利益合理分配的实现模式71-72
    6.4 本章小节72-73
7 总结与研究展望73-75
    7.1 本文研究的基本结论73-74
    7.2 本文存在的主要问题74
    7.3 研究展望74-75
参考文献75-82
附录一82-83
致谢83
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