企业ERP系统实施方案设计和生产计划模块二次开发的设计与实现

作者: 专业:软件工程 导师:张骏温 年度:2006 学位:硕士  院校: 北京交通大学

关键词
企业资源计划(ERP) 生产与计划(PP) 二次开发

Keywords
ERP, Production Plan (PP), Repeated develops
        随着信息技术的不断发展,企业所面对的生存环境也日趋复杂,各种竞争日益激烈。为了在激烈的竞争中取胜,依靠新技术、新理念特别利用信息技术进行知识管理;实现企业信息化管理创新;全面提高企业的生产运作、产品开发、市场销售、决策分析等能力;成为每一个企业的立足之本。ERP(Enterprise Resource Planning)企业资源计划,是市场上最为成熟的企业信息化产品,它通过改造企业的物流、资金流、信息流,从而使企业在管理水平和生产能力上发生质的变化,进而带来巨大的效益。并为将来的电子商务和电子贸易打下基础。所以对于正在步入信息时代的工业制造型企业来说,ERP的尽早引入意义深远。然而,作为一种新的管理理念和方法,需要有适应其应用和发展的环境。这种环境又受到企业内部和外部各种因素变化的影响。如何适应这种变化,充分发挥ERP在企业管理中的优势和作用,成为十分重要的课题。而这一问题又时刻反映在项目的具体实施中,把握好实施这一环节,才能谈到具体的应用;在应用中环境的变化又需要对系统进行调整,靠再次去实施来解决。持续调整,逐步完善,不断创新,是整个项目实施成功的关键。北京信威通信股份有限公司是一家大型国有控股上市公司,是目前国内自主创新企业之一,大灵通和MCWILL生产和销售厂家。2005年12月公司引入SAP系统。ERP系统支持了企业的销售业绩,为企
    With the continuous development of information technology, enterprises are facing more and more complicated living environment and fierce competition. In order to win the competition, relying on new technology, new concept of knowledgeable management through information technology, realizing new ways of enterprise information management and improving enterprises’ abilities of working operation, product development, market sales and decision analysis have become the elementary requirements of every enterprise.ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) is the most matured product of enterprise information in the market. It takes great changes in enterprise’s management standard and production abilities and brings huge profits through reforming the flow of goods, capital and information of the enterprises. It will also lay a foundation for e-business and e-trade in the future. The introduction of ERP as soon as possible will have deep and great impact on those industrial enterprises entering the times of information.But, as a new management concept and method, it needs an environment fit for its application and development. This kind of environment will be affected by all kinds of interior and exterior factors of enterprises. How to adapt to the changes and make full use of the advantages and function of ERP in the management work of enterprises has become a very important subject. This question goes through the entire specific application. The system needs adjustments in the changing environment and can be upgraded by application. The key to the success of the whole project requires constant adjustments, upgrading and innovation.Beijing Xinwei Telecom Technology Ltd. is a large SOE dominated company Ltd. It is one of the innovation by itself enterprise. It is large producer for SCDMA products and McWill products in our country. SAP in December 2005, ERP supports its sales and lays a foundation of competition for the company in realizing its future development strategy.
        

企业ERP系统实施方案设计和生产计划模块二次开发的设计与实现

摘要4-6
Abstract6-7
1 绪论10-17
    1.1 研究背景10-11
        1.1.1 国外ERP 实施现状10
        1.1.2 国内ERP 实施现状10-11
    1.2 项目背景及内容11-15
    1.3 论文的组织结构15-17
2 ERP 理论基础17-35
    2.1 ERP 含义17-18
    2.2 ERP 系统的基本原理18-31
        2.2.1 基本MRP19-23
        2.2.2 闭环MRP23-25
        2.2.3 制造资源计划(MRP-II)25-30
        2.2.4 企业资源计划(ERP)30-31
    2.3 ERP 系统的管理思想31-33
    2.4 应用ERP 与企业的关系33-35
3 信威通信公司 ERP 实施35-56
    3.1 ERP 系统的选型35-42
        3.1.1 选型的过程36-37
        3.1.2 选型的准则37
        3.1.3 影响选型的基本因素37-38
        3.1.4 信威通信公司ERP 的选型原则38-39
        3.1.5 SAP R/3 系统的主要特征39-42
    3.2 ERP 的实施方案42-52
        3.2.1 实施策略42-43
        3.2.2 实施步骤43-47
        3.2.3 实施内容47-48
        3.2.4 实施方案48-52
    3.3 ERP 实施过程中生产计划(PP)的作用和功能52-56
        3.3.1 SAP R/3 生产计划模块的主要特征及功能52-53
        3.3.2 SAP R/3 生产计划模块资源管理模型53-56
4 SAP R/3 系统中生产与计划模块的二次开发56-97
    4.1 二次开发的目的56
    4.2 生产与计划模块二次开发的需求分析56-65
        4.2.1 生产订单的打印报表57-59
        4.2.2 生产订单的统计报表59-62
        4.2.3 可用性检查报表62-64
        4.2.4 BOM 的导入报表64-65
    4.3 生产计划模块二次开发的方案设计及实现65-79
        4.3.1 开发流程设计65-69
        4.3.2 主数据的有效准备(数据库的设计与重构)69-79
    4.4 具体实现79-97
        4.4.1 SAP 系统内部报表开发79-80
        4.4.2 报表的执行过程80-82
        4.4.3 程序解析(以生产订单统计报表为例)82-84
        4.4.4 程序的输出模式84-87
        4.4.5 生产订单统计报表程序解析87-97
5 总结与展望97-100
    5.1 论文工作总结97-98
    5.2 未来工作展望98-100
致谢100-101
参考文献101-103
附注103


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