Family Narrative on the 1980s Novels
作者： 郝军启 专业：中国现当代文学 导师：李新宇 年度:2009 学位：博士
关键词1980年代小说 家庭伦理叙事 血亲伦理 夫妻伦理 婆媳伦理 家庭暴力 乱伦
1980s novel, family ethics narrative, blood ethics, ethics of mother-in-law, ethics of husband and wife, domestic violence, incest
In this dissertation, we will look at the family’s attitudes and characteristics of narrative discourse from the point of view of science on family ethics and narrative to study the novels of the 1980s .When we talk about the sum of social relations as people ,inevitably ,we have to involve people closely related to family relations. It has greater stability compared to other relationships,and plays a more fundamental and potential constraints role on people’s behaviors. Especially in the 1980s, When the novels went out of the narrative mode of revolutionary ethical and political characteristics and went into the life . The study of the family in the works from the perspective of narrative in the areas of novel researching is far from enough. Therefore, the research of the family narrative about the novels in this decade has become the main contents of this dissertation .In the course of the study, we will look on the 1980s as a relatively independent stage and sort out and evaluate the family narrative of the novels at the stage . We will not only focus on the relationships of blood family, husband and wife, mother-in-law that novels describe.but also make our own evaluation on the family variation and the description of the variation. At the same time, we will take the noves of family narrative into a a larger and metaphor scope to study Systematically .In addition to the study from the perspective of logic, the dissertation tres to reveal the family in the early and late phase changes from the diachronic point of view.,at the same time, we will study the changes in the ethical attitudes and in patterns of discourse of authors .we try to make the research on the family narrative fiction in this dramatic transition as a specimen of the novel analysis in the entire twentieth century of the family narrative .The dissertation consists of five chaptersChapter 1 narrative obout ethics of geneticConsanguineous ethic relation as the most stability of interpersonal relationships, making it an effective means for the description by the novel that it being damaged by ultra-leftist political to win readers sympathy and support.However, due to the intense cultural transformation of this period, the novel quickly turned to rebeling traditional order of seniority.It related not only to the backwardness that inherents in the consanguineous ethic and incompatible with development of the modern society,but also to the publicity by the novels during this period of the modern consciousness,such as personality and freedom, democracy and the rule of law.Novels examined young and old respectively, reflect on "being father, what should we do now," how the younger generation Cultivate a more modern train with a new ethical quality when they rebeled the traditional seniority order that as the symbole of traditional culture . Novels had different judges of the value of different types of youth rebellion.Of course, the evaluation had the positive attitude to the reasonable rebellion ,and also the negative attitude to the rebellion that has no modernity obviously.Chapter 2 narrative obout ethics of husband and wifeWith the rising of social liberation thought, the taboo of the performance on family life and the feelings of husband and wife being broken, the novel began to emphasize the position of love in marriage. It became an important narrative tendency in the early 1980s . However,the emphasis on marriage and love in the novel soon became hesitant, and ultimately to the negation of love.Such a negative, not only through the characters in the novel with the subjective feelings of the judge to achieve,but also from the material poverty ,the political and practical obstacles, traditional ethical difficulties that the love faced. Novels shaped two categories of fiction characters: "Oriental women" and the image with differentn nature of the antithesis in a narrative of two husband-wife relationship: " men stronger than women" and“women stronger than men " . The former image looks forward to customary nature, in the traditional sense of male-female on the location of women in family ,is full of old and new mixed-conscious.While the other, the image of women have both the new quality in feminist era and the deep-rooted bad habits left over from the traditional.The narrative on the affair and the "third party", went through a process of change from the hesitation to praise on the love affair based on the affirmation, reflecting the liberation of humanity, the era of the humanitarian impact of thought. Chapter 3 narrative obout ethics of mother-in-lawMother-in-law relations ,as one of the most difficult relationship in family ,their contradictions was typically displayed in the novel during this period. The novel portrayed the traditional mother-in-law’s vicious and severe image Contrast to the weak position of the image of the traditional daughter-in-law.At the same time, the novel also sharply grasped the changes of the times of the relationship and image between mother-in-law . In such changes, the novel not only desplayed the dramatic changes in the status of the mother-in-law of the transitional period to equalize ,but also the reverse of the new inequalities.The ideal description of the novels on the relations of mother-in-law——one of the most difficult to get along with,reflected in greater ion of the author of a beautiful human feelings and human nature,but in the back of this performance ,it ignored to look at the negative in the traditional family values .Chapter 4 violence and incest——Variation of traditional family and being examinedDomestic violence and incest are two major problem and phenomenon.in the development of family .The former is a family member bullying the weak in the physical and mental aspects, while the latter is conflict between a rational family of the Statute with the emotional instinct.NovelS with the realism of features in Early midperiod of the 1980s ,looked the reflection of domestic violence as a social problem.Vanguard Novels looked the domestic violence as a strategy for anti-traditional. The novels denied the unreasonable taboo in examining the phenomenon of incest,criticized the incest with sexual predatory nature that rely on the power when the blood and the close affinity incest is treated.To the incest in special objective situations ,novels gave full of sympathy though it hold that it not be broken at present.At the same time, The novels also criticized the unreasonable and inhumane objective environment that result in the incest,it shows the complexity of emotions and caution of the author.Chapter 5 metaphor and generalization of familyOur country with developed family caused people to over-rely on family ties.In life, in order to express the closer relations between human beings, man and nature, it is often among family members by blood kinship to the corresponding more closely related to that. Thus, interpersonal relationships outside the family, between man and nature have marked the relationship between the family of the brand family.The family ethtic showed the characteristics with the metaphor and generalization,when the novels carry out the narrative to the expansion of the in the family.When the novels treat the simulated blood relationships with analogy and generalization ,it showed a complex narrative attitude,with approval ,also criticism.In ethical relations in the family metaphor, symbol and generalization, the novels often lookde the the country and the motherland at family and mother through the method of the metaphor, emblem, so that a political metaphor in the narrative of family has broader vision.At the same time, the novels with the family symbol of ethics and the natural generalization, both expressed the deep inner ethics feelings of the character, but also enhanced the implicit beauty of art through the integration of nature and people.
|第二节 1980 年代小说家庭伦理叙事研究的必要||13-15|